In the not-so-distant past, breakfast for many of us consisted of a quick bowl of cereal and a glass of orange juice. If you were motivated, you might have boiled some water and thrown in a packet of sugar-filled instant oatmeal. Those days are behind us now, and if not, they should be. Starting off the day with mostly carbs and sugar isn’t highly recommended. Read my post on sugar to find out why.
For years, I have heard that breakfast is “the most important meal of the day.” I wondered if that was true, so was chagrined to discover in Huffington Post that the origins of that post come from a health magazine article published in 1917. The editor of the magazine? None other than Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, the man who invented corn flakes with his brother, William Keith Kellogg! That was enough said.
Well, regardless of the origins of that phrase, I still love breakfast, and wanted to come up with some ideas for getting started with a healthy, tasty meal that give a good nutritional balance.
Who Better to Ask Than the Experts
People who work in the field of health and nutrition every day seemed like a good start for my quest. Conveniently, Greatist.com published this perfect article: What the World’s Top Health Experts Eat for Breakfast (http://greatist.com/eat/expert-healthy-breakfasts). Breakfasts from these 23 health rock stars ranged from a variety of protein-infused smoothies to my personal favorite from Tony Horton, best known for his P90X fitness program. His breakfast of choice includes some of my favorite ingredients: tomato, onion, garlic, olive oil, balsamic vinegar, pepper, whole grain bread, eggs, and avocado. I know what I’m having for breakfast tomorrow!
What I did notice was that most of the people in this list seemed to include ingredients that fell into these three categories:
Protein: Eggs, nuts, protein powder, smoked salmon, nut butter, cheese, almond or soy milk, yogurt, black beans, tofu
Whole Grain/Fiber: Whole-grain bread, oats (steel cut or regular), millet, chia seeds
Vegetables or Fruit: Tomatoes, spinach, broccoli, onion, cucumber, avocados, berries of all types, apples, bananas, grapes
Only one actually added a tiny bit of sugar to her breakfast. Erica Giovinazzo, a registered dietician and Crossfit coach and nutritionist noted in the same article, “Because we’re fasting overnight while we sleep, our body naturally releases sugar into our bloodstream, and so our blood sugar is always slightly higher in the morning. There’s no need then to add fuel to fire with even more sugar!”
So why these ingredients?
Protein for Staying Power
Protein sticks with you for much longer than almost any type of food. This report in The Atlantic(on an admittedly small size study) measured the impact of different breakfast regimes on 20 women who were either considered overweight or obese. The study gave one group cereal for breakfast, eggs and beef for breakfast, or no breakfast at all. Although the study found that those who ate protein for breakfast ingested slightly more calories, this group, more than the others:
Expressed feeling full for the whole day
Had decreased levels of the hormone ghrelin, which is associated with hunger stimulation
Had increased levels of hormones that make you feel full
Snacked less in the evening on fat-filled foods
Whole Grains and Other Sources of Fiber for Digestive Health and Lower Glucose
The Harvard School of Public Health has a whole page on their web site devoted to the topic of fiber. In it, it explains how fiber, which comes in two forms offers health benefits. In the soluble form, which can be found in oatmeal (and many other items in the above list), the fiber dissolves in water. This form helps lower glucose levels and cholesterol in the blood. Insoluble fiber, which can be found in whole grains and seeds (and again, in many of the other items in the list), does not dissolve in water. It helps keep things moving through your digestive tract.
Fruits and Vegetables for Digestive Health and Nutrients
As the above page on fiber notes, fruits and vegetables—specifically not fruit juices—offer a great source of fiber. In general, I think it’s a no-brainer that fruits and vegetables pack a solid punch of vitamins and minerals. This Huffington Post article outlines just a few of the nutrients, minerals and other health benefits delivered by some of our best-known fruits and vegetables. Plus, fruits and vegetables typically have a lot of water in them, which helps you stay hydrated and allows you to feel full without consuming too many calories.
Happy breaking of your fast (after all, that’s what breakfast means).